Research has been variously defined in the literature to mean a systematic effort at gathering and analyzing data, which will aid man in understanding the world in which he lives and solve some of the problems around it. Unlike a story, guesswork, an imagination or prophesy, research is based on data for its claims and it makes use of systematized procedure. In this regard, Anikpo’s(1986) definition of research is quite instructive. He defines research as “systematic application of the scientific method in an attempt to understand and solve social problems”.
Research could either be simple or complex depending on the capacity of the researcher, the nature of the problems it is meant to solve and the funds available for such an exercise.